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Conas liostaí anuas spleácha a chruthú i ndoiciméad Word?

Údar: Siluvia Athraithe Deiridh: 2022-05-20


Mar an scáileán ar chlé a thaispeántar, ní mór duit a theorannú na roghanna sa dara liosta anuas bunaithe ar an rogha sa chéad anuas, conas is féidir leat a dhéanamh? Taispeánfaidh an t-alt seo modh duit chun liostaí anuas spleácha a chruthú i ndoiciméad Word.

Cruthaigh liostaí anuas spleácha i Word le cód VBA


Cruthaigh liostaí anuas spleácha i Word le cód VBA

Is féidir leis an gcód VBA thíos cabhrú leat liosta anuas spleách a chruthú i ndoiciméad Word. Lean na treoracha céim ar chéim le do thoil.

1. Ar dtús, ní mór duit dhá liosta anuas a chur isteach i do dhoiciméad Word. Cliceáil Forbróir > Foirmeacha oidhreachta > Réimse Foirm Buail Isteach. Féach an pictiúr:

2. Cliceáil ar dheis ar an gcéad liosta anuas (ba chóir gurb é an tuismitheoir an liosta anuas seo), agus cliceáil Airíonna. Féach an pictiúr:

3. San oscailt Roghanna Réimse Foirm anuas bosca dialóige, ní mór duit:

3.1 Cuir an chatagóir isteach sa Mír anuas bosca agus ansin cliceáil ar an Cuir cnaipe, déan an oibríocht arís go dtí go gcuirtear gach catagóir leis na Míreanna sa bhosca liosta anuas.

3.2 Iontráil ddbia isteach sa Leabharmharc bosca.

3.3 Cliceáil ar an OK cnaipe. Féach an pictiúr:

4. Cliceáil ar dheis ar an dara liosta anuas, cliceáil Airíonna a oscailt Roghanna Réimse Foirm anuas bosca dialóige, agus sa dialóg, iontráil ddCatagóir isteach sa Leabharmharc bosca agus cliceáil ar an OK cnaipe. Féach an pictiúr:

5. Brúigh an Eile + F11 eochracha a oscailt Microsoft Visual Basic d’Fheidhmchláir fhuinneog.

6. Sa Microsoft Visual Basic d’Fheidhmchláir fuinneog, cliceáil Ionsáigh > Modúl, ansin cóipeáil thíos cód VBA isteach i bhfuinneog an Mhodúil.

Cód VBA: Cruthaigh liosta anuas spleách i Word

Sub Populateddfood()
'Update by Extendoffice 2018/10/25
    Dim xDirection As FormField
    Dim xState As FormField
    On Error Resume Next
    Set xDirection = ActiveDocument.FormFields("ddfood")
    Set xState = ActiveDocument.FormFields("ddCategory")
    If ((xDirection Is Nothing) Or (xState Is Nothing)) Then Exit Sub
    With xState.DropDown.ListEntries
        .Clear
        Select Case xDirection.Result
            Case "Fruit"
                .Add "Apple"
                .Add "Banana"
                .Add "Peach"
                .Add "Lychee"
                .Add "Watermelon"
            Case "Vegetable"
                .Add "Cabbage"
                .Add "Onion"
            Case "Meat"
                .Add "Pork"
                .Add "Beef"
                .Add "Mutton"
        End Select
    End With
End Sub

Nótaí:

1. Sa chód, athraigh míreanna faoi gach cás de réir mar is gá duit.

2. ddbia agus ddCatagóir Ba chóir go mbeadh siad comhoiriúnach leis na roghanna Leabharmharc a chuir tú isteach sa dá cheann thuas Roghanna Réimse Foirm anuas boscaí dialóige.

7. Sábháil an cód agus téigh ar ais chuig an doiciméad.

8. Cliceáil ar dheis ar an gcéad liosta anuas agus cliceáil Airíonna a oscailt Roghanna Réimse Foirm anuas bosca dialóige. Sa bhosca dialóige, roghnaigh an Macra-ainm thuas (anseo Popolatrantood) ón scoir liosta anuas, agus ansin cliceáil ar an OK cnaipe.

9. Anois cliceáil Forbróir > Srian a chur ar Eagarthóireacht mar a thaispeántar thíos an pictiúr.

10. Sa Srian a chur ar Eagarthóireacht pána, ní mór duit:

10.1) Seiceáil an Ná lig ach an cineál seo eagarthóireachta sa doiciméad bosca;

10.2) Roghnaigh Foirmeacha a líonadh rogha ón liosta anuas;

10.3) Cliceáil ar an Sea, Tosaigh Cosaint a Fhorfheidhmiú cnaipe;

10.4) Sa Tosaigh le Cosaint a Fhorfheidhmiú dialóg, iontráil an pasfhocal agus cliceáil ar an OK cnaipe. Féach an pictiúr:

Anois cruthaítear liosta anuas cleithiúnach. Agus Torthaí á roghnú sa chéad liosta anuas, ní féidir ach na catagóirí torthaí a roghnú sa dara ceann.

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Comments (32)
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This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Hi there,

I have managed to follow the steps, thanks for your help.

I can't find my code when pressing Alt+F11 though? My drop downs are still there but I can't find the back coding?
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Hi Crystal, thanks for the tutorial, it was useful and well written. Is it possible to add a third dropdown list with options that change depending on what is selected from the second dropdown list?
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Hi Jack,

You can add a third drop-down list with options that change depending on what is selected from the second drop-down list. But you need to insert another "Drop-Down Form Field" and a new VBA code in advance.
1. Follow the steps from 1 to 4 in the post to create the first and second drop-down list and modify the properties.
2. Insert the third Drop-Down Form Field, double click to open it's Properties dialog box, enter a name in the Bookmark textbox (the same as the operation for the first and second drop-down lists) , in this case, I made up a random name called ddTaste, and then click OK.
https://www.extendoffice.com/images/stories/comments/comment-picture-zxm/word-drop-down1.png
3. Open the Microsoft Visual Basic for Applications window, enter the VBA code provided in the article into the Module1. Then insert a new Module (called Module2), copy and paste the following VBA code into this Module2.
VBA code: Use for the third dependent drop-down list

Sub PopulateddTaste()
Select Case ActiveDocument.FormFields("ddCategory").Result
Case "Apple"
With ActiveDocument.FormFields("ddTaste").DropDown.ListEntries
.Clear
.Add "AA"
.Add "BB"
End With
Case "Banana"
With ActiveDocument.FormFields("ddTaste").DropDown.ListEntries
.Clear
.Add "CC"
.Add "DD"
End With
Case "Peach"
With ActiveDocument.FormFields("ddTaste").DropDown.ListEntries
.Clear
.Add "EE"
.Add "FF"
End With
Case "Lychee"
With ActiveDocument.FormFields("ddTaste").DropDown.ListEntries
.Clear
.Add "GG"
.Add "HH"
End With
Case "Watermelon"
With ActiveDocument.FormFields("ddTaste").DropDown.ListEntries
.Clear
.Add "II"
.Add "JJ"
End With
Case "Cabbage"
With ActiveDocument.FormFields("ddTaste").DropDown.ListEntries
.Clear
.Add "LL"
.Add "MM"
End With
Case "Onion"
With ActiveDocument.FormFields("ddTaste").DropDown.ListEntries
.Clear
.Add "OO"
.Add "PP"
End With
Case "Pork"
With ActiveDocument.FormFields("ddTaste").DropDown.ListEntries
.Clear
.Add "QQ"
.Add "RR"
End With
Case "Beef"
With ActiveDocument.FormFields("ddTaste").DropDown.ListEntries
.Clear
.Add "SS"
.Add "TT"
End With
Case "Mutton"
With ActiveDocument.FormFields("ddTaste").DropDown.ListEntries
.Clear
.Add "UU"
.Add "VV"
End With
End Select
End Sub

Note: In the code, AA, BB, CC... are the items you want to show in the third drop-down list, based on what was selected from the second drop-down list. For example, when you select "Apple" in the second drop-down, the third drop-down list will display the items AA and BB. Please modify this items to meet your needs.
4. Save the code and go back to the document. Follow the step 8 in the article to specify the macro for the first drop-down.
5. Double click the second drop-down list, choose "PopulateddTaste" in the Exist drop-down list.
https://www.extendoffice.com/images/stories/comments/comment-picture-zxm/word-drop-down2.png
6. Then follow the step 8 to restrict editing in this document.
Now you have create a three level drop-down list.
https://www.extendoffice.com/images/stories/comments/comment-picture-zxm/word-drop-down3.gif
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Thanks for getting back to me, your time and help is appreciated.
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Hallo,

ist das ganze auch unter Outlook möglich. Leider bekomme ich das so nicht hin da die Eigenschaften des Dropdown Menüs ganz anders aussehen.

Ich wollte unter Aufgaben einen Reparaturauftrag erstellen wo man Gebäude,Bereich und dan Zimmernummer oder Bezeichnung auwählen kann.

Ist das möglich in Outlook/Aufgaben?



Danke
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Hi,
You can create a drop-down list with custom field in Outlook Task window by following the steps in this article:
How To Add A Drop Down List With Custom Filed In Outlook Task Window?
https://www.extendoffice.com/documents/outlook/4453-outlook-custom-fields-tasks-drop-down.html
Or create a drop-down list in word then copy and paste it into the Task window as you need.
But if you want to create dependent drop-down lists in Outlook Task, no method has been found yet.
Sorry about that.
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Hi, many thx for the detailed tutorial, but I have a question since the word template is for others' use. You mentioned protecting mode and a password is a must, this can do if I tell them the password, then there is a conflict: there are some other blanks which are needed to be filled in, this cannot be done only if the protecting mode is off. What should I do? Is there any method to meet both 2 needs?
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Hi, thx for the detailed tutorial, but I have a question since the word template is for others' use, 
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